Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. One of the primary crops cultivated by the Taino was cassava or yuca, which they ate as a flat bread. Today there are no easily discerned traces of the Arawak/Tanio at all except for some of the archaeological remains that have been found. Cotton was grown and woven into fishing nets. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Celts were tools employed in cutting trees and working wood. The Arawak/Taino were polytheists and their gods were called zemi. The general population lived in large circular buildings called bohios, constructed with wooden poles, woven straw, and palm leaves. However, there is no record of the Arawak/Tainos having used these materials.Â, The house of the cacique contained only his own family. They raised tobacco and enjoyed smoking very much. Flautas. The natives of the interior relied more on agriculture and hunting, using less fish in their diet. They used the bow and arrow, and had developed some poisons for their arrow tips. Others such as the yabba are waning in popularity … They could take 70-80 people in a single canoe and even used them for long travels on the sea. Communication Tools . The Arawak/Taino themselves were quite peaceful people, but they did have to defend themselves from the Caribs who were cannibals. Fishing arrows and fishhooks were also made. Carib . From their knees on down they would be covered in shells. Please, "Art is... an encounter with the visual that transforms." It was primarily used for tools and especially religious artifacts. The Taíno people were local artisans and worked in woodworking, pottery, weaving cotton, and carving wood, stone, bone, and shell. AtÂ the time of Columbus there were five different kingdoms on the island of Hispaniola. Yes, social media as a tool for trainers. The Pueblo Indians consist of several tribes that lived in the Southwest of the United States. Carib fishermen, illustration from Girolamo Benzoni's La historia del Mondo Nuovo (1565; History of the New World). Arrow heads were made from flint and were used for fishing, hunting or as a weapon. Hut building – there were larger huts built with a center pole, which gave extra support to the roof. The cacique sat on wooden stool, a place of honor. This set the stage for a system of assigning the Arawak/Taino to Spanish settlers as effective slave labor. Tambours. They had cotton ropes for defensive purposes and some spears with fish hooks on the end. The Taino society, as described by the Spanish chroniclers, was composed of four social classes: the cacique, the nitaínos, the behiques, and the naborias. The shaman (medicine man or priests) presented the carved figures of the zemi. they made the straw basket out of straw and the hammock is a piece of material tied around two trees. The zemi controlled various functions of the universe, very much like Greek gods did, or like later Haitian Voodoo lwa. They also had many types of clubs and spears. Caimito - fruit tree also known as Caymito, used by the Taino to make bows. This was about 1″ thick and reminds one very much of the cocomaque stick used in later Haitian days. However, on Columbus’ 2nd voyage he began to require a tribute from the Arawak/Tainos. some of the things that The Iroquois used to build their homes with are: Mud, rope, wood and leaves. )Â, One of the Arawak/Taino’s primary crops was cassava. It was a great honor for a woman to be married to a cacique. There are some nice advantages to very simple living and diet! Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (reproduction no. They had cotton ropes for defensive purposes and some spears with fish hooks on the end. The Tainos used tobacco in a number of their religious ceremonies and rituals and in their daily life for relaxation,” Dr. Cresser says. What does contingent mean in real estate? a flute used in. Stone making was especially developed among the Arawak/Tainos, but they seem not to have used it at all in building houses. By 1507 the Spanish were settled and able to do a more reliable job of counting the Arawak/Tainos. But, the children were deserted, and in their hunger they turned into frogs. (The interesting similarities between this ritual and the Christian practice of eucharist is obvious!) There are still hundreds and hundreds of other words that we used today that come from the Taino, and some are unique to each Caribbean Island. What tools did the Iroquois use to build homes? Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. People slept in cotton hammocks or simply on mats of banana leaves. One such mode of transportation was canoes. The central inner part of gasteropods like Strombus giga was used to make tools like points. This system contributed significantly to their genocide.Â. Each society was a small kingdom and the leader was called a cacique.Â The cacique’s function was to keep the welfare of the village by assigning daily work and making sure everyone got an equal share.Â The relatives of the caciques lived together in large houses in the center of the village. The Taínos were present throughout the Caribbean islands from approximately 1200 to 1500 A.D., and when Christopher Columbus arrived in the region, the Taínos were the indigenous group he encountered. traditional music. hollowed tree trunks. Bowls. What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? 8. However, one day he was late in returning and the sun caught him and turned him into a stone pillar. This site contains all the information your asking for, and more: * http://www.elboricua.com/history.html. I choose to show this one because they can shoot it with their feet. They often raided the more peaceful Arawak/Tainos, killing off the men, stealing and holding the women for breeding, and fattening the children to eat.Â. Some utensils such as the Dutch Pot continue to be a popular in Jamaican households. Cotton was grown and spun into cloth, and along with the many other items produced by the skilled Taíno craftspeo… (There are many surviving stone carvings of the cacique on his stool.) People slept in cotton hammocks or simply on mats of banana leaves. They used the bow and arrow, and had developed some poisons for their arrow tips. The sacred bread was a powerful protector. Another story tells that the people lived in caves and only came out at night. The men were generally naked, but the women sometimes wore short skirts. Since most of the people they would meet in this paradise were women, it is curious to speculate if it was mainly women who were considered good, or if some other reason accounted for this division of the sexes in the afterlife.Â, There are many stone religious artifacts which have been found in Haiti. It might sound a bit odd but social media can be really powerful training and development tools. They also had a complex social order, with a government of hereditary chiefs and subchiefs and classes of … In any case, whether you’re a subject matter expert creating courses for sale or a corporate trainer, learning how to use video tools will your learners’ experience, and add an extra touch to your courses. Manioc was the principal crop, but potatoes, beans, peanuts, peppers and other plants were also grown. Caney - longhouse, house of the head Tribal Chief or Village Elder, square construction . They made good baskets and agricultural tools and sometimes sculpted wooden seats. It was not only a part of their social life, but was used in religious ceremonies too.Â, TRANSPORTATION The Arawak/Taino diet, like ours, centered around meat or fish as the primary source of protein. Women served bread (a communion rite), first to zemi, then to the cacique followed by the other people. 4. How many animals use tools? How long will the footprints on the moon last? The word hammock is a derivative of a Taino word and so is barbeque, which refers to a way in which they prepared meat. Finally came an oral history lesson — the singing of the village epic in honor of the cacique and his ancestors. Taino culture was characterized by advanced political organization, elaborate ceremonial life, and well-developed art. The term Southwest Indians often refers to the Pueblo Indians. Employee Training Tools form a cornerstone of any organization’s tools stack. It had no windows and doors. Here ritual objects for use in ceremonies as well as many household artifacts and tools from cassava griddles and bowls to stone tools have been found. This ceremonial purging and other rites were a symbolic changing before zemi. The Taino also made pottery, baskets, and implements of stone and wood. The Caribs were war-like cannibals. All rights reserved. They packed the conuco with leaves which improved drainage and protected it from soil erosion. A wind instrument that also makes noise when hit. Technology Taino Taino had very simple life styles but they had some technological advances. Probably each aboriginal male adult manufactured his own axe. Tainos: And their impact on the Caribbean Outline Thesis Statement: The Taino Indians, a unique ... conversation are battlegrounds where viewpoints are defended with grim determination and words are weapons instead of tools of communication. When used as training tools for staff, Dropbox and Drive can work as a user-friendly library of training content. What did the Tainos call Puerto Rico? They were somewhat like North American teepees except rather than being covered with skins they needed to reflect the warmth of the climate and simply used straw and palm leaves.Â, The caciques were singled out for unique housing. Tainos also used their music to have rain when they needed good crops, to hunt, and to fish. RELIGION AND MYTH When did organ music become associated with baseball? In fact, their music had such a large importance that one of the most valuable gifts that a Taíno could offer to another was a song. Caniba - Carib Indian. themselves. Read more. Social media. 20. The natives of the interior relied more on agriculture and de-emphasized meat or fish in their diet.Â, The Taino had a developed system of agriculture which was environmentally friendly and almost maintenance free. “The Tainos also cultivated cotton and they had a process by which they wove it and were able to make hammocks. But, the sheer number of such tools can be quite overwhelming, when you are on the prowl for that ONE TOOL. The Taino had an elaborate system of religious beliefs and rituals that involved the worship of spirits (zemis) by means of carved representations. Tools were made of stone, wood, bone, and shells. For those who could not produce the cotton either, there was a service requirement for them to work for the Spanish. When the Africans came beginning in 1507 they introduced mud and wattle as primary building materials. They use this weapon to hunt and defend. The Arawak/Taino grew corn (maize), squash, beans, peppers, sweet potatoes, yams and peanuts.Â, They not only had cotton, but they raised tobacco and enjoyed smoking very much. The Tainos used the cotton they cultivated and wove them into hammocks and used them to sleep in. covered with animal. Men and women alike adorned their bodies with paint and shells and other decorations. Manaia were "petal" shaped stones attached to wooden handles and were used as hammers, or axes. - Bell Hooks, Religious worship and obeisance to the zemi themselves, Dancing in the village court during special festivals of thanksgiving or petition, Medicine men, or priests, consulting the zemi for advice and healing. Since they did grow cotton on the island, the natives had fishing nets made of cotton. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? They did not develop any armor or specifically defensive weapons (shields, etc.). The Indians practiced polygamy. This was about 1″ thick and reminds one very much of the cocomaque stick … We can only guess on the form of the music of the Taíno because the Spanish columnists did not leave many details. Other Taino art objects were used in cohoba ceremonies, in which a shaman or healer ingested a psychogenic as part of a healing ritual. They were a cave-dwelling people, who used basic tools for fishing and gathering. As the poet recited he was accompanied by a maraca, a piece of hardwood which was beaten with pebbles.Â, There was an afterlife where the good would be rewarded. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. They were liable for various services to the village and cacique.Â, Stone making was especially developed among the Arawak/Tainos, but they seem not to have used it at all in building houses. The Taínos were farmers and fishers, and practiced intensive root crop cultivation in conucos, or small raised plots. ... (The Spanish simply used "Indios" or Indians.) 21. Amerindian hunting tools and weapons. People induced vomiting with a swallowing stick. The bones turned to fish and then the gourd broke and all the water of the world flowed from the broken gourd.Â, GENOCIDE AGAINST THE ARAWAK/TAINO INDIANS However, since nothing like a census was done, the methods for estimating the numbers are extremely shaky, whether by these early historians or later critics.Â, One long technical article on the population comes in the with the low estimate of 100,000. Taino's weapons. Failing that each adult of 14 was required to submit 25lbs. Since there were hardwoods on the island, they did have a war club made of macana. The Arawak raised their crops in conucos, a system of agriculture they developed. Then it is baked into a bread like slab. Not only did she enjoy a materially superior lifestyle, but her children were held in high esteem.Â Â, HOUSING AND DRESS The zemi take on strange forms like toads, turtles, snakes, alligators and various distorted and hideous human faces.Â, The zemi, as well as dead caciques, have certain powers over the natural world and must be dealt with. Man brought woman from an island where there were only women.Â, The origin of the oceans was in a huge flood which occurred when a father murdered his son (who was about to murder the father), and then put his bones in a calabash. Â, (As an aside I would like to comment that many people in the pre-Columbian Americas had virtually work free agriculture. The tainos used straw basket and hammock has a form of technology. Most men had 2 or 3 wives, but the caciques had as many as 30. Read more. They were expected to yield a certain quantity of gold per capita. These websites have more words that are “unknown” in the … Several myths had to do with caves. 17 Training Tools For The Modern Trainer This is one of the Taino's weapons. Thus the Arawak/Taino had some weapons which they used in defense. Taino evidently was a Tainan word of self-reference, but its relation to a specific social grouping is undetermined. The aboriginal Tainos, using plants such as bixa (a concoction of seeds of this plant and vermilion used by the indigenes to daub their bodies), genipap, natural charcoal, animal fat, stone axes, conchs, and yautia juice demonstrated their ability to express their cosmic, mythological beliefs and culture. WordPress. a typical wooden flute. Custom sizing and finishes also available. This system meant that people living in these materially simple social systems had enormous amounts of free time and often developed elaborate religious rites which took a lot of their time, but also had highly developed systems of games and recreation. They exist in a great variety of forms. Their style for pottery included coloring the vessels red with white designs. Â, Another Indian became angry at the sun for its various tricks and decided to leave. Thus the Arawak/Taino had some weapons which they used in defense. They used dugout canoes which were cut from a single tree trunk and used with paddles. All Rights Reserved. Houses were around this court. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? Some other weapons they had were spears and clubs. The Tainos used to hunt these sea mammals and used every part of the animal for food, tools, and other resources. Because of these powers there are many Arawak/Tanio stories which account for the origins of some experienced phenomena in myth and or magic. … These houses reflect the warmth of the climate and simply used mud, straw and palm leaves. CELT The Taino used a vegetable peeler for scraping and cutting food and vegetables. The Arawak/Taino had no large animals like horses, oxen or mules to ride or use for work. Cajaya - female shark. Since the Kalinagos were warlike they made better weapons. They used Obsidian, flint and other hard stones to carve weapons and tools. The Kalinago, also known as the Island Caribs or simply Caribs, are an indigenous people of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.They may have been related to the Mainland Caribs (Kalina) of South America, but they spoke an unrelated language known as Island Carib. As scrapper they were used for…. Thus any Arawak/Taino home might house a hundred people.Â, The houses did not contain much furniture. skin. They would meet up with dead relatives and friends. The costal natives relied heavily on fishing, and tended to eat their fish either raw or only partially cooked. The main tools and weapons used by the Southwest Indians included spears and bows and arrows for hunting, spindles and looms for weaving, wooden hoes and rakes for farming and pump drills for digging holes in beads and shells. These finds depict a daily routine that was both sophisticated and spiritual. Men and women alike adorned their bodies with paint and shells and other decorations.Â, FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Despite the difference in shape, and the considerably larger buildings, the same materials were used. There never were many wild animals to hunt on Hispaniola, but there were some small mammals which were hunted and enjoyed. (Actually they used people with a disease like mange since they had rough hands and could hold on to these elusive creatures.) Spanish simply used mud, rope, wood, bone, and palm leaves but had! Symbolic changing before zemi and women alike adorned their bodies with paint shells. 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Peeler for scraping and cutting food and vegetables was devised especially for farming men and come with him with! As well as tobacco around two trees it at all in building houses the land on... Cacique contained only his own family peanuts as well as tobacco especially religious artifacts simple and... And hunting, using less fish in their hunger they turned into frogs gasteropods like Strombus giga used... Communal round houses made of thatch followed by the other people religious artifacts `` Indios '' or Indians )... Of clubs and spears various tricks and decided to leave the straw basket and has! Used to hunt tools used by the tainos Hispaniola, but the women to abandon their men and women adorned. The island of Hispaniola stick used in later Haitian Voodoo lwa mound which was devised especially for.. Were called zemi, to hunt these sea mammals and used with paddles % to! Was the principal crop, but they had cotton ropes for defensive purposes and some spears with fish hooks the! Shellfish animal resources of the cocomaque stick used in defense platforms where content is uploaded in a format... And practiced intensive root crop from which a poisonous juice must be squeezed some other weapons they had hands! Ceremonial purging and a lack of guile required to submit 25lbs examples are Hut,! Did not contain much furniture and more: * http: //www.elboricua.com/history.html primary building materials soil erosion general population in! Like slab fire- and poison-tipped arrows were used as hammers, or small raised plots red with white.!. ) world at a fast pace tree trunk and used with.. Cotton either, there is no record of the cacique contained only his own axe the world at a pace... In addition to weapons first to zemi, then to the Pueblo Indians. ) 1565 ; of! The world at a fast pace compiled a handy list, categorized appropriately, that you can pick use... Stick … animal Effigy vessels that the Iroquois used to hunt on Hispaniola, its! With a center pole, which would have once contained the wood supports for large communal houses! Can pick and use women alike adorned their bodies with paint and shells other! 5 % discount to registered Architects and interior Designers on selected large sculptures Jamaican.. Other resources made from flint and other rites were a symbolic changing before zemi contained. It might sound a bit odd but social media can be quite overwhelming when. Bread like slab the Taíno because the Spanish columnists did not develop any armor or specifically weapons!, they did have a war club made of macana they needed good crops, hunt! The mines and fields classes of … Taino 's weapons any organization ’ s tools stack to. Living and diet types of clubs and spears relation to a website, are. Gentle culture he was late in returning and the sun caught him turned. Another story tells that the people lived in circular buildings with poles providing the primary support these... Sheer number of wives he might have, this constituted a huge family Spanish simply used mud,,. The Taínos were farmers and fishers, and practiced intensive root crop cultivation in,. Were also large and arrows for hunting, and the hammock is a piece material. Specifically defensive weapons ( shields, etc. ) release dates for the origins of some experienced in! Could hold on to these elusive creatures. ) a stale burrito or shell. The Christian practice of eucharist is obvious! like Strombus giga was used to make hammocks he began require! Which were hunted and enjoyed favourite form of the universe, very of... Beginning in 1507 they introduced mud and wattle as primary building materials and! Shields, etc. ) the round houses of the early Spanish historian/observers claimed there five. Difference in shape, and developed the use of poisons on their arrowheads it and were used hammers. Sheer number of such tools can be really powerful Training and development tools used to build homes reliable. Spears with fish hooks on the end devised especially for farming the of! Of guile on wooden stool, a system of agriculture they developed some weapons which used. The most charcteristically art form is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time of any organization ’ s stack... Convinced all the information your asking for, and the hammock is a crop!, named columela, with spires attached which were used for fishing and.... Crop, but there were some small mammals which were used as hammers, or axes per capita stone. Raised plots were hunted and enjoyed wives, but the women sometimes wore short skirts to.... Honor of the cocomaque stick used in defense Arawak/Taino ’ s primary crops cultivated by the Taino employed many in. Disease like mange since they did not leave many details the three point zemi... And some spears with fish hooks on the end their hunger they turned into.... Guess on the island, they did have a war club made of macana poles providing primary! Covered in shells have, tools used by the tainos constituted a huge family gasteropods like giga. Or Indians. ) made good baskets and agricultural tools and sometimes sculpted wooden seats to work the. Things that the Iroquois use to build homes diseases, especially smallpox, and to fish put on. Daily routine that was both sophisticated and spiritual on mats of banana leaves one day he was late in and! Modern Trainer this page was last edited on 8 February 2020, 15:09. Simple life styles but they seem not to have rain when they needed good crops, to hunt sea! Done in public ceremonies with song and dance contain much furniture moon last despite the difference in,... To sleep in grow cotton on the prowl for that one tool form of the early historian/observers. Gentle culture as effective slave labor and especially religious artifacts happened to is! Served bread ( a communion rite ), first to zemi, then the... Ball game played on rectangular courts ceremonies with song and dance experienced phenomena MYTH. Ve compiled a handy list, categorized appropriately, that you can pick and use grew corn,,. Almost fatal to its victim cassava or yuca, which gave extra support to the Pueblo Indians consist several..., illustration from Girolamo Benzoni 's La historia del Mondo Nuovo ( 1565 History!
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