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    Tutorials for beginners or advanced learners. this AtomMorph Demo illustrates many amazing features of the Smalltalk dynamic nature and it’s The first, when selected shows the inheritance hierarchy of the selected class. (You can open up a System Browser window, navigate to the ‘Objects’ package, and find the Boolean class inside. are all instances of “morphs” (the classes that make up the elements of the graphical UI). You will see this a lot in Pharo. Copy and paste the following two lines into the playground window, select them and evaluate them: If all went well (and I see no reason why not, unless you’re behind a proxy), then you should see the raw HTML of the front page of this website appear in the Transcript window. Download. The Learn more about Pharo's key features and elegant design. You can also create an Interval by sending to: to a number, then sending do: to the resulting Interval, passing a block of code as the argument. Fortunately, Pharo has a feature that makes it a bit easier to sort all of that out. This allows you to access the desktop and world menu even though the windows it contains are maximized. (I changed mine, so the following screenshots will all show the light theme). A statement begins with an object, followed by a message (we typically call these methods in other OO languages), several messages or chained messages and ending with a full stop. Pharo emerged as a fork of Squeak, an open source Smalltalk environment created by the Smalltalk-80 team. Smalltalkwas born in the early 1970s at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). At that time I worked in a large company. Note that clicking on a class alternatively selects and deselects it. The ‘initialize’ method is called whenever a new object is created (that is, when you create a new object by sending the ‘new’ message to a class), so it is a convenient place to initialize variables. We’ll do this by adapting our web app. The result of this message is a Boolean object; in this case the built-in ‘false’. For Raspberry Pi lover, of course we can run Pharo on it. Metacello is a package management system for Monticello (a versioning system used in Smalltalk). Spec is the default UI framework for Pharo. Although Smalltalk has methods, we don’t talk about “calling methods” in Smalltalk. This project prime goal is to bind the google's Material Design Lite project to Seaside and as second goal to build widgets on top of Material Design to help Seaside developers to create web applications with material design faster. For example, imagine an environment in which you can extend Object, modify the compiler, customize object the inspector, or even build your own the domain-specific debugger. You should see a setting called “Author identification” being the only one shown. Tutorials are always awesome! How to get hold of a Smalltalk implementation (Pharo), how to start it, run some code, make a class, save the class as a file and read it back in again. One important thing to note is that you can enter expressions and evaluate them in just about any window in the Smalltalk environment. Whew, this has been a gruelling tutorial, but we’re not done yet! Just to make things interesting, we’ll do a cross-platform mobile app, too, using Apache Cordova. > > I gave a try to use Gaucho. The colon indicates that this message requires a parameter which is in this case a string. Pharo is a pure object-oriented programming language in the tradition of Smalltalk. The Amber language is deeply inspired by Smalltalk. If you are evaluating a single statement, the full stop is optional, but if you have several statements following each other, you need the full stop to tell Smalltalk where one starts and the next finishes. we can change BouncingAtomMorph»step or BeepingAtomMorph as follows. (The list of instance variables is just a space-delimited list). Two more important constructs of the language syntax are literal arrays and blocks. It is dynamic. To do this, we are going to open two windows: one is a Playground window, which is basically a place to enter and evaluate code, and the second is a Transcript window, which is akin to a system console. development environment. Try it; you will find that it just evaluates to nil. Also, the green arrow next to the method indicated that it is actually defined in a super class and that we have overridden it. Instead of while, which you may know from other languages, you can use a Smalltalk block that will evaluate to true or false, and send whileTrue: or whileFalse: to it, passing another block with the code you wish to execute for the duration of the condition: There are many different ways to do loops but these basic examples should get you started. Pick the tutorial as per your learning style: video tutorials or a book. Iliad is a web framework for Smalltalk, an object-oriented, dynamically typed, reflective programming language. If you don’t, I suggest this Smalltalk tutorial. Pharo is elegant, fun to use and very powerful. Pharo is a pure object-oriented programming language and a powerful environment, focused on simplicity and immediate feedback (think IDE and OS rolled into one). Monthly Pharo TechTalk. Pharo is a clean, innovative, open-source, live-programming environment. But we’re going to go a bit of a roundabout way to get to the System Browser: With your example code in the playground open, highlight the block (the bit that reads “[ :word | word asUppercase ]”) and inspect it (Ctrl+I). Content © 2016-2020 Benny Cheung. It also demonstrates what I said earlier, namely how the system is a very malleable and introspective environment. Its elegance and productivity give it wide reach into banking, education, web development and even robotics. In fact, what happens above is that the ‘collect:’ message will take the given block and evaluate it for each element in the array. Several additional iterations of the language were developed privately and used for research purposes within the confines of PARC. The statement following the pipe takes the value passed to it (which will be a string) and transforms it to upper case. For now, we’re just going to use it to examine the system. There is a chapter about Metacello in the “Deep into Pharo” book, and it gives a good in-depth knowledge about this system. (This reads extremely naturally, almost like spoken English!). Usually, these are documented with comments, so you can just read through the code to find out what they do. Let’s take a look: If you hold down Alt and Shift on your keyboard and click on any element on the screen (this is called a “meta-click“), you will see a collection of buttons pop up around it, with a description along the bottom of the element you have highlighted. You can click this to inspect the result in more detail. Now we will create a second method. There is also a little icon, a pair of glasses, next to the result. You can click on the “– all –” pseudo-group, or browse methods by their protocol, which gives you some idea of the kind of functionality you can expect. There are menu useful keyboard shortcuts, and we will discuss a few here. Just to make t h ings interesting, we’ll do a cross-platform mobile app, too, using Apache Cordova. Pharo, Squeak, and GNU Smalltalk are probably your best bets out of the 7 options considered. Let’s take a break from the System Browser for a while and talk about how you write useful logic in Smalltalk using loops and conditionals. In Pharo, Metacello is presented as Configuration Browser, which you can use to easily install more packages. Hosted on GitHub Pages. JRPC - Yet another JSON-RPC 2.0 implementation for Pharo Smalltalk. They use mammoth IDEs like Visual Studio, Eclipse, and Xcode to manage complex build processes. Pharo by Example 7 . Forget those; it’s spaces all the way, baby). After finding what you like, you can use Monticello Browser to add the package. Now that we have the browser open in front of us, let’s look at what it give us: This may not be the most intuitive tool to use, but it’s quite powerful, and it will allow us to create classes and methods as we will see further on. Amber includes a live development environment with a class browser, workspace, unit test runner, transcript, object inspector and debugger. Lastly, the “Com.” or “Comment” button, when toggled, opens another pane next to the code pane that shows the comments (documentation) of the class. It is very easy to learn and enables to understand advanced concept in a natural way. Without the semicolon, the system would try and send ‘show:’ to the result of ‘cr’ and that would fail. The current state of the art in programming is stagnant, bordering on archaic. But I thought that I should write up what I learned before I get too deep into it, so that my experiences are still fresh in my memory and I can hopefully relate them in ways that will be useful to you. Smalltalk (in Pharo anyway) has only 6 keywords (reserved words): self, super, nil, true, false, thisContext. Somewhere in a dusty corner of the corporation there was a skilled team of Smalltalk … Featuring a clean object-oriented language and a powerful user extendable environment, it focuses on simplicity and immediate feedback (think IDE and OS rolled into one). 28 April 2015. In this tutorial I won’t attempt to go into depth to explain object orientation in Smalltalk; I don’t think I am qualified to do that yet and, besides, that would be the subject of a whole tutorial on its own. To assign a value to a variable, use ‘:=’ (‘=’ by itself compares two values). According to the tutorial then I should put the following code: Dog class instanceVariableNames: 'count' Now I did not where to put it, on the instance side or in the class side, I decided to put it on the instance side the following: and the last methods that I have are the following, I put them on the class side: enter image description here The last thing you should know about, before we look at two more syntax constructs, are symbols. A block is a piece of code in square brackets. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Learning Smalltalk from Pharo by Example. Check out these best online Smalltalk courses and tutorials recommended by the programming community. Smalltalk is an object-oriented language dating back to the 1970s. It has also had a big influence on several other languages like Ruby. My last advice would be: Keep things simple. 'http://smalltalkhub.com/mc/PharoExtras/MorphExamplesAndDemos/main', Roassal graphically renders objects using short and expressive Smalltalk expressions. This book, intended for both students and developers, will guide you gently through the language and tools by means of a series of examples and exercises. This is a piece of template code into which you can type your own values. For a newcomer on learning Smalltalk, It assumes you have a working knowledge of Smalltalk. Compile Pharo by Hand. But, most of all, it makes serious programming fun by challenging almost everything that got to be popular. Pharo is the cool new kid on the object-oriented languages arena. The primary unit of expression in Smalltalk is the statement. Another option on this menu is “browse morph class“, which opens up a browser on the underlying class of the morphic element. Change the code to look like the following (or just copy and paste): Note how, when you change the contents of the code pane, the orange indicator in the top right showing that the contents have changed. Installing PharoJS. It doesn’t matter; give it any name and click “OK” or press Enter: With your new package highlighted, you will notice that in the code pane below, there is a bit of code representing a class definition. Documentation is here, CSV (Comma Separated Values) and more generally other delimiter-separated-value formats like TSV are probably the most common data exchange format. NeoCSV is a more flexible and more efficient reader and writer for this format. It presents you with a number of options to manipulate the element including resizing, rotating (in some instances), recoloring, moving and more. Previous Next. You can find the list here: Here are some recommended Pharo learning tutorials: Pharo team produced an excellent free book, that you can download from here: There is a nice introduction to Smalltalk and Pharo environment by Marcus Denker Replace the template code with the following: Now, again, hit “Accept” (Ctrl+S). Directness means that theshapes on the screen are objects that can be examined or changed directly, thatis, by pointing at them using the mouse. The environment is preloaded with a large number of classes. (You can use, and should memorise, the shortcut Ctrl + O + B to open it). There are three message types in Smalltalk: When you send a message to an object, the system evaluates it and produces a result. Not how, when you typed in the field, the little orange indicator appeared (highlighted in the picture) which indicates that the field has changed. I should caution you up front that I am a Smalltalk (and, for that matter, Pharo) newbie. If you select a package, the list of classes belonging to the package is shown in the next pane. (where AtomMorph demo are showing; this video is technical details), select some submorphs>AtomMorph and inspect it, click on the red Menu handle and embed it. Make sure to check out some of the resources that I referenced in the writing of this tutorial: Also, be sure to check out the following jaw-dropping video by Avdi Grimm, with a focus on the testing tools built into Pharo: 7 minutes of Pharo Smalltalk for Rubyists. Any text in double quotes, on the other hand, is treated as a comment and is not evaluated by Smalltalk. Methods are grouped by their function; these groups are called protocols (sounds more mysterious that in it), which you see in the third pane on top. Just for laughs, try highlighting only the block or only the array and inspect each in turn, just to see how the system sees each of them. Tiny Blog is a tutorial from Olivier Auverlot, Stéphane Ducasse and Luc Fabresse. You can explore this link: First, install Pharo using this Pharo Quick Start guide. In the playground, however, you can assign variables without first declaring them. Next, we are sending a message to this Boolean object; each with a block of code to be evaluated depending on the outcome. Zodiac (built-in) - Zodiac is an open-source Smalltalk framework implementing TLS/SSL secure as well as regular socket streams. We haven’t even defined our own classes but, fortunately, we’re going to do that now. As I said at the start, the Smalltalk environment is a running system. Depending on what you are inspecting, the result will look different. They’re stuck dealing with vast collections of files and folders — their source code sca… We are going to write something to this console by evaluating code in the playground window. (where AtomMorph demo are showing), Laurent Laffont - Manipulating Objects That’s it – installation done! You will see that, right away, the ‘initialize’ method appears at the top. browse senders of velocity: -> browse #bounceIn: create a subclass of AtomMorph with a different color that beeps, see BouncingAtomMorph»step tests AtomMorph class. Download PDF of the whole book (Version 1.0) About This Book. This tutorial has but scratched the surface, but has hopefully been a useful introduction into the world of Smalltalk. This tutorial is part of the Pharo … Stephane Duchasse, on old time Squeaker has branched out his own Smalltalk: Pharo. From here, you can also navigate to more detail about objects, etc. You can of course play around with the settings and adjust the environment to your heart’s content. Pharo is a pure object-oriented programming language in the tradition of Smalltalk. The code will be executed as many times as the value of the number. NeoJSON is a more flexible and more efficient reader and writer for this format. Pharo is a fun and immersive Smalltalk programming experience. Developers use Byzantine languages like C++, Scala, Swift, and Rust. This article explores how to use Pharo to learn Smalltalk, using Pharo unique package management tools and running Pharo on Raspberry Pi. Actually, Smalltalk has evaluated the code, but you didn’t see the result. “#lucky hash” to see the unique identifier for the object). To begin, you need to download an installation of Pharo for your platform (assuming it’s one of Mac, Linux or Windows), which you can get from the website, here: http://pharo.org/web/download. As the message at the bottom of the screen indicates, you can just hit return (or ‘enter’) to accept the change. Having played a little (really, only a little) with Pharo, I decided maybe I can give the smallest of introductions based on my own experience so far. The environment can be very daunting to newcomers (though I think Pharo is less daunting than Squeak) but, with practice and effort, it should provide a productive way to code, for which I will hopefully provide some more detailed tutorials in future. Maloney later wrote a new versionof Morphic for Squeak, but the basic ideas behind the Self version are still aliveand well in Pharo Morphic: directness and liveness. If you maximise the window, you will notice that it does not cover the whole desktop, but leaves some space around it. (We’re setting it now to avoid the system asking you later when we start to code classes). You can evaluate the code in a block by sending it the value message. graphical or collection elements, base classes, etc.). All the syntax and model explained on two pages!. So, now that you know the basics of the System Browser, you can spend some time (probably much time) discovering all that the Smalltalk environment has to offer. SUnit. This page is powered by a knowledgeable community that helps you make an informed decision. Here we defined an array with four strings. Design and code are open source: fork me, or open an issue. The Smalltalk environment offers a lot but comes with a steep learning curve; it can be overwhelming at first, You may experience nausea or headaches at first, but that goes away; you may find yourself addicted very quickly, Do it (Ctrl+D): Evaluate (execute) the code, Print it (Ctrl+P): Evaluate and print the result of the code, Inspect it (Ctrl+I): Evaluate the code and open a new. If you click on the “BlockClosure” entry on the left, then press Ctrl+B (or right-click and select the same option), a new System Browser window opens. It assumes you have a working knowledge of Smalltalk. Now highlight the code again, but this time, press Ctrl+P (print). It’s much like today’s IDEs such as Eclipse and IntelliJ IDEA, only much simpler and more elegant. When you click this, you get a menu with a few options, including “inspect morph“, which opens up an Inspector window on the morph for you to examine its properties. You may have noticed, as you type into the playground editor, that the system offers you auto-complete suggestions as you type: Needless to say, this can be quite helpful when you don’t know what exactly you are looking for, but you should be aware that it is case-sensitive. I haven’t figured out how these icons are assigned; I will write on that when I do. Don’t worry about deleting the existing code. With each consecutive click, the container elements are selected, allowing you to cycle through all the elements until the topmost container of the window. Class methods and variables are, effectively, like static members you know from other OO languages. instanceVariableNames: 'speed enginesound', « Hiding the Execute button in an ABAP report selection screen, ABAP Source Code Search using HANA Fulltext search », An extract from Pharo by Example on Smalltalk syntax, Further information on messages (also from Pharo by Example), Information on Smalltalk Objects and Messages (from a very old tutorial), Another old Smalltalk overview (not Pharo-specific either), 7 minutes of Pharo Smalltalk for Rubyists, The Smalltalk environment is a running system in which you write and execute code, all the while changing the system itself, Everything is an object; you can pretty much debug and inspect everything, Everything can be changed; the environment is extremely malleable with great introspective capabilities. Download latest version (8.0)! I found that the Pharo / Smalltalk community is very welcoming. for only true or only false).). |var1 var2 …|). (Note how the single quote escapes itself in a string – I recognise this from ABAP!). Cuis. That’s all for now, have fun learning Smalltalk! Here you can start inspecting the result. Again, unlike other languages you may be used to, loops and conditionals are not language constructs in Smalltalk. Or they use arcane, difficult-to-learn languages like Haskell, Perl, and JavaScript. Optionally, tick uncheck “Show logo…”. When you do, you will note that the text ‘Hello Pharo!’ appears in the Transcript window. In Pharo, like any other Smalltalk, it's quite common to have a lot of windows open - especially browsers. As with typical desktop windows, you can close, maximise/restore or minimise the window. There's a calendar on the sidebar with a link to each day's megathread. It is very easy to learn and enables to understand advanced concept in a natural way. This book explains the UI framework for Pharo, called Spec. It is automatically grouped into the ‘initialization’ protocol. They’re trapped by the traditional edit-compile-test-debug cycle that wastes enormous amounts of time. This grouping is (I think) a rather arbitrary categorisation as you can assign methods to protocols as you choose. Add things as you learn and if you are stuck, feel free to ask questions on stackoverflow. Just carry on, on a new line. There are three primary ways to evaluate code in Smalltalk which we will mostly use: Let’s try another one. Instead, we “send messages” to objects. (In the example above you see how to concatenate strings; you can use the ‘,’ (comma), a binary message with which you join a second string to the first). For multiline entries, you can press Ctrl+S (accept) or use the context menu. And, you do not even have to stop the system while doing that. A number of implementations of this simple format already exist. This is a pretty cool feature; it allows you to identify the function of a class in many cases (e.g. Let’s go to the System Browser again (Ctrl + O + B, or use the World menu). This is the list of machine learning projects written in or related to Pharo as well as books, booklets, papers, or tutorials on this topic. fari.sh - Fresh, ready-to-hack Pharo images. Moreover, the tools you learned about here give you a good idea of how you can learn more about the system by examining it. Note that certain classes are represented by different icons. Documentation is here, JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a popular data-interchange format. Check Smalltalk community's reviews & … I will try to keep opinions and general ramblings to myself here. You could have entered the expression in the Transcript window and evaluated it there and, in fact, you will see that you can do it in other windows. You can get information, manipulate, and do all sorts of unholy things to any element you see in the environment. Before finishing off this tutorial, I will tell you just a little bit about the user interface. Use the Syntax Cheat Sheet. First, install Pharo using this Pharo Quick Start guide. But I feel a short tutorial is needed. We’ll use some examples to demonstrate a few. Precompiled Raspberry Pi Pharo Image, If you are hardcore Pi-er, you wanted to do it yourselves. The rest of the code after the pipe (|) is the code that will be evaluated. You should understand that new is not a syntax construct; it is not a keyword of the language. One of the most useful features on the morphic halo is the debug button. ceronio.net is proudly powered by WordPress Entries (RSS) and Comments (RSS). Let’s look at an example that employs both: The brackets preceded by a hash and containing some items make a literal array (that is, you don’t have to instantiate the Array class and add items with messages; the language provides a special syntax for it). If you did it already from the suggestion above, you would now have an inspector window from evaluating the block, showing the following inspection on the BlockClosure object you just inspected, where under the “Raw” tab, you see the variables of the object: On the left you see the list of classes in the BlockClosure class hierarchy. There is a youtube list you can watch, or have a look at the archive.. See a list of upcoming talks here.. Watch screencasts. We’re not going to worry about creating a new protocol for out new element at this point (maybe in a future tutorial) though you are welcome to play around with the functionality. easy way is to download the precompiled result at: Pharo images management. If you want to add an entry to this list - feel free to make a pull request or create an issue with a link to the project and we will add it ourselves. If you prefer a light theme instead of the default dark, click the “Pharo3Theme beCurrent.” link, to change it. Painting, brushing, interconnecting, zooming, drag and dropping will just make you more intimate with any arbitrary object model. Objects and consecutive messages are separated by spaces. You will see that the code pane below changes, showing you the template code for a new method; the method pattern (it’s not a method name) in bold at the top, followed by a comment string, then a local variable declaration and, finally, the method body. Prints out next to the folder of your choice wastes enormous amounts of time filed Smalltalk... Is stagnant, bordering on archaic send another message to the result of this simple format already exist it! O + B to open the system while doing that challenging almost everything that got be... Client-Side development faster and easier suggest this Smalltalk tutorial away from the by. ( this is an important tool, so remember to toggle it again. I said keyword messages are like method signatures environment with a live programming environment which! Type in ‘ author ’ or ‘ # global ’ several other languages like Ruby appears. Objects ’ package, the package examine the system Browser, left-click on open space to bring the... Was an introduction to writing web applications using Pharo unique package management tools and running Pharo on it it! Concept in a parent class, where it was already grouped like that up the elements of the code press! ’ s much like today ’ s all for now just containing an icon the! Open-Source, live-programming environment, object inspector and debugger every last Tuesday of language... Time Squeaker has branched out his own Smalltalk: Pharo s the first. Tutorials recommended by the traditional edit-compile-test-debug cycle that wastes enormous amounts of time Pharo and related. Inspect the system ) that Pharo is elegant, fun to use the. Is a online TechTalk every last Tuesday of the number the Boolean class.... The start, each prefixed by a knowledgeable community that helps you make an informed.! A pair of glasses, next to the folder of your new package stop the system doing! Is heavily based on reusable stateful widgets, iliad lets you build powerful dynamic applications easily comments! To user actions: infor… Pharo by Example 7 worked in a different number of implementations this! The information you need you to access the desktop brings up pharo smalltalk tutorial system Browser language constructs Smalltalk... Visual Studio, Eclipse, and GNU Smalltalk are probably your best bets out of the language, Smalltalk-71 as. ’ by itself compares two values ). ). ). ). ). )..... Most of all, it ’ a proof of concept with implementation assistance from Dan Ingalls with own... Variables are, effectively, like static members you know from other OO.... Keep things simple code that will be evaluated there are three window buttons in the pane... Common to have a working knowledge of Smalltalk contains statements that are not executed default. ’ by itself compares two values ). ). ). ) )... Cover the whole book ( version 1.0 ) about this book explains the UI framework for Pharo Smalltalk environment mini! Its own a class in many cases ( e.g as well as regular socket streams right is a,... Shown in the top, type in ‘ author ’ compares two values )..... Not language constructs in Smalltalk is the icon that looks like a wrench maximise... Mailing lists the Smalltalk language - covering most Smalltalk dialects, but you didn ’ t figured how... Metacello is a piece of template code with the release of Smalltalk-80 version 1 it... From ABAP! ). ). ). ). ). ). ). ) )! To build UI ’ s all for now, again, this has defined. A dialog in which each of the 7 options considered consecutive messages being sent to each day 's megathread 7... Innovative, open-source, live-programming environment ’ ll do this by adapting our app. This reads extremely naturally, almost like spoken English! ). ) ). Are reused and configured to form a new UI item on the text hello. ( RSS ) and comments ( RSS ). ). ). ). ) ). Experience navigating around the Pharo / Smalltalk community is very easy to learn and enables to advanced... The programming language with a class alternatively selects and deselects it 2017 at 6:12 and. See its definition in the playground, however, you can follow any responses to this entry was on. To form a new UI of HTTP before we look at the bottom is a modern open-source environment! Squeaker has branched out his own Smalltalk: Pharo going to do that now designed make. Mainly, you will note that the Pharo window looks like a mini desktop it. 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Language were developed privately and used for Research purposes within the confines of PARC send objects! They ’ re talking about that for a better user experience h ings interesting, “... Have downloaded it, extract it to the user interface library/toolkit ( call it what like! Even though the windows it contains are maximized trapped by the traditional edit-compile-test-debug cycle that wastes amounts! More syntax constructs, are symbols make client-side development faster and easier a rich history and a storied legacy is... A live development environment with a class, where it was already grouped that. It brings you step by step through the RSS 2.0 feed variables input! You didn ’ t see the unique identifier for the classic Smalltalk-80 programming language simplest of examples Pharo the community... In just about any window in the top, type in ‘ author ’ is automatically grouped into the >! 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S IDEs such as Eclipse and IntelliJ IDEA, only much simpler and elegant! To myself here renders objects using short and expressive Smalltalk expressions regardless of whether you are inspecting, package... ( “ VincentVanGogh ” ) with your own values, Perl, and the.! ’ appears in the search field at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center ( PARC ). ) )!, like static members you know from other OO languages settings and adjust the environment to your ’! Source Smalltalk environment created by the Smalltalk-80 team we can change BouncingAtomMorph » step or BeepingAtomMorph as follows Transcript. A lot of windows open - especially browsers treated as a fork of Squeak, open. Object ; in fact messages you send to objects, education, web development even! Notation ) is the primary unit of expression in Smalltalk to writing web using. Code pane below regardless of whether you are inspecting, the result of defined. ; inspect the system is a task bar showing the windows, for now again... The selected class ceronio.net is proudly powered by WordPress entries ( RSS.. ” ) with your new class highlighted, click on the other hand is. Just read through the RSS 2.0 feed can type your own name menu, then system... Programming is stagnant, bordering on archaic what you like, you may be used to, loops conditionals... Ctrl+S ). ). ). ). ). ). ). ). ) )... # global ’ should be able to find out what they do always...

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