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    , 30-12-2020

    children's rights violations in china

    Forms of administrative detention still in force include the following:− Work Study Schools (gongdu xuexiao), implemented to correct what is described in the Law on Preventing Juvenile Delinquency adopted on 28 June 1999 as “Seriously unhealthy behaviour that seriously harms society but does not qualify for criminal punishments”. (Paragraph 5)._________________________________________________________________Discrimination against children with disabilitiesUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). The Committee is concerned about the problem of the sale of women and girl children and of the abandonment of elderly women. These violations are listed in no particular order. Pursuant to section 25 of the Law on the Protection of Minors, students are only sent to these schools for continued education if disciplinary measures in regular schools (or by guardians) prove ineffective in rectifying undesirable behaviour. More than 400 million births have been “avoided”, ensuring a better standard of living for the Chinese people officials said. Human Rights Violations of China's One Child Policy Essay 4302 Words | 18 Pages. In addition, the Ministry of Justice promulgated the “Regulations on the administration of juvenile delinquent rehabilitation institutions” which provide that children under the age of 16 are exempt from participation in productive labour. The Committee welcomes the amendment to mainland China’s criminal procedure code and the current discussions on reforming the Re-Education Through Labour Programme (RTL). (Paragraphs 91 and 92), UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against WomenLast reported: 10 August 2006Concluding Observation issued: 25 August 2006. 138)Published: 2010, Article 2(3) of the Convention. Nonetheless, the ITUC states that, according to statistics from the China Education and Research Network, the number of overall primary schools has decreased, as has enrolment at both the primary and secondary levels. The Committee notes the ITUC’s allegations that there has been an increasing number of girls trafficked out of China to work as sex workers in Australia, Burma, Canada, Malaysia, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, the Middle East and the United States.The Committee notes the Government’s statement that the NPAT 2008–12 has been implemented in an effective manner, and has contributed to the reduction of the trafficking of women and children at the grassroots level. Chinese teaching methods are still very traditional, which does not encourage the active involvement of students. Life expectancy has also risen to more than 70 years old. China's human rights record has attracted criticism from around the world for many years. Even today, what happened to the boy whom Tibetans consider the “real” Panchen Lama remains a mistery. (Paragraph 17), International Labour OrganisationIndividual Observation on Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. The Committee, while welcoming the State party’s efforts to implement the Committee’s concluding observations of 2005 on the State party’s second periodic report (CRC/C/CHN/CO/2), notes with regret that some of the recommendations contained therein have not been fully addressed.The Committee reiterates its recommendations to mainland China and Macao SAR and Hong Kong SAR to take all necessary measures to address all those recommendations that have not been implemented or not sufficiently implemented and urges the State party to: (c) Explicitly prohibit by law corporal punishment in the family, schools, institutions and all other settings, including penal institutions. You will be redirected to Humanium’s secure website. Part V of the report form. The Committee further noted the Government’s statement that it had developed a variety of policy measures to ensure equal access to compulsory education for these children, including a 2005 circular explicitly providing that the policy in place for urban students would similarly apply to the children of migrant workers from rural areas and a 2006 State Council document aiming to ensure equal access to compulsory schooling for the children of migrant workers. Nevertheless each year thousands of children leave school. The Committee appreciates the promulgation of the following new regulations:(d) The prohibition of corporal punishment of children in schools and judicial processes. The ITUC’s allegations also indicate that, in some cases, factory personnel who employ trafficked juveniles do not receive administrative or penal sanctions following the rescue of the children. (Paragraphs 11 and 12). The Committee is further concerned that due to longstanding traditions and cultural influences for boy preference and unequal status of girls, sex-selective abortions, female infanticide and abandonment of girls remain widespread, resulting among others in a high male to female sex ratio. (i) Forced labour in re-education through labour camps.  182 concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) to which China is a party. The Committee also noted that migrants started to organise their own schools, but that these schools were of variable quality. The Committee noted the implementation of the ILO–IPEC “Preventing trafficking in girls and young women for labour exploitation within China” project (CP-TING Project), in collaboration with the All-China Women’s Federation (ACWF), and the “Mekong Subregional Project to Combat Trafficking in Children and Women” (TICW Project). The Committee urges the State party to take measures to fight the widespread stigma in relation to boys and girls with disabilities and revise their strict family planning policy, so as to combat the root causes for the abandonment of boys and girls with disabilities. It encourages the State party to continue to strengthen efforts to ensure that all girls are registered at birth, in particular in rural areas. The Committee notes that the Government refers to the “National Plan of Action against Trafficking in Women and Children (2008–12)” and the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan on the Establishment of a Relief and Protection System for Vagrant Minors”. In particular, the Committee is concerned about: (Paragraph 22)_________________________________________________________________Corporal punishmentUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013) (a) Mainland China to strengthen efforts to protect children of migrant workers from sexual exploitation and abuse and ensure that legislation relating to sexual abuse and exploitation is effectively enforced, and that perpetrators of such crimes are brought to justice with sanctions proportionate to their crimes;(b) Mainland China, Hong Kong SAR and Macau SAR to systematically collect data on sexual exploitation and abuse against girls and boys, on the number of investigations and penalties against perpetrators, and on redress and compensation offered to the victims;(c) Mainland China, Hong Kong SAR and Macau SAR to establish effective and child-friendly procedures and mechanisms, including free helplines accessible to children, to receive, monitor and investigate complaints and undertake awareness-raising activities among children, including among boys, to encourage the reporting of sexual violence and abuse in schools and communities;(d) Hong Kong SAR to conduct a comprehensive review of sexual offences in the Crimes Ordinance and reform laws to criminalise all forms of child pornography and sexual exploitation of children on the internet; it should also establish effective policies and procedures to identify and support child victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation;and(e) Hong Kong SAR and Macau SAR respectively to develop a national strategy to respond to the shelter, health, legal and psychosocial needs of child victims of sexual exploitation and abuse, including by adequate training for professionals. 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